Dating and same sex friendships
In a "desires romance" cross-sex friendship, one individual wants the friendship to become a romantic relationship but does not believe the other individual wants a romantic relationship.In a “rejects romance” cross-sex relationship, one individual does not want the relationship to turn romantic, but believes that their friend does.Popular media romanticizes and sexualizes interactions between people of opposite sexes, leading to a cultural expectation of sexual attraction in cross-sex friendships.This common conception leads a small percentage of the population to believe that men and women cannot exist in solely platonic friendships.
Research has been done on why men and women initiate these relationships, how they are perceived by others, implications for children with cross-sex friendships, among others.
Each of these friendship styles are based on the goals and viewpoint of the individual.
Other theories and research discuss the causes and benefits of cross-sex friendships. (2012) theorize that cross-sex friendships are a part of humans’ evolved mating strategies.
During adolescence, a distinction starts to form between romantic relationships and platonic friendships, which is influenced by personal experience as well as exposure to media and popular culture.
Teenagers learn from portrayals of romance on television and base their own relationships on these representations.