Dating dinosour bones
If this happens rapidly before significant decay to the organic tissue, very fine three-dimensional morphological detail can be preserved.
Nodules from the Carboniferous Mazon Creek fossil beds of Illinois, USA, are among the best documented examples of such mineralization.
The totality of fossils is known as the fossil record.
Paleontology is the study of fossils: their age, method of formation, and evolutionary significance.
This process can occur in very small spaces, such as within the cell wall of a plant cell.
Small scale permineralization can produce very detailed fossils.
For instance, when the rock is broken open, the phytoleim will often be attached to one part (compression), whereas the counterpart will just be an impression.Fossils may also consist of the marks left behind by the organism while it was alive, such as animal tracks or feces (coprolites).These types of fossil are called trace fossils or ichnofossils, as opposed to body fossils.In 2014, Mary Schweitzer and her colleagues reported the presence of iron particles (goethite-a Fe O(OH)) associated with soft tissues recovered from dinosaur fossils.Based on various experiments that studied the interaction of iron in haemoglobin with blood vessel tissue they proposed that solution hypoxia coupled with iron chelation enhances the stability and preservation of soft tissue and provides the basis for an explanation for the unforeseen preservation of fossil soft tissues.