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In English the stress is on the first or last syllable, but in Turkish it is on the second syllable (tan).
when Greek settlers from Megara established Byzantium on the European side of the Bosphorus.
and is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks.
This reflected its status as the only major city in the vicinity.
The importance of Constantinople in the Ottoman world was also reflected by its Ottoman name 'Der Saadet' meaning the 'gate to Prosperity' in Ottoman.
In modern Turkish, the name is written as İstanbul, with a dotted İ, as the Turkish alphabet distinguishes between a dotted and dotless I.
Europeans used Constantinople to refer to the whole of the city, but used the name Stamboul—as the Turks also did—to describe the walled peninsula between the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara.
Pera (from the Greek word for "across") was used to describe the area between the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, but Turks also used the name Beyoğlu (today the official name for one of the city's constituent districts).
Two months later, he laid out the plans for a new, Christian city to replace Byzantium.
As the eastern capital of the empire, the city was named Nova Roma; most called it Constantinople, a name that persisted into the 20th century.